Curvature of the penis.
Curvature of the penis, also known as Peyronie’s disease, occurs when scar tissue or plaque forms around the cylindrical structures that run the length of the penis. These are the structures that fill with blood during an erection. The plaque can be felt as a ridge running the length of the penis beneath the skin. It’s unknown why the tissue forms. Curvature of the penis can make sexual intercourse difficult or impossible. This condition occurs most often in men age 40 to 60.
WHEN TO SEE A UROLOGIST
Mild symptoms don’t always get worse. In many cases, the disease will go away on its own. Unfortunately, it may take several years for this to happen. Give the condition a chance to improve on its own; if no improvement occurs within a reasonable amount of time, consult a urologist.
Cancer of the penis.
Cancer of the penis is characterized by a malignancy that develops in or on the penis. It’s most likely to develop at the end of the penis or on the foreskin. This type of cancer is rare and is usually found only in men over the age of 50. The American Cancer Society states that research shows the proven risk factors include having unprotected sexual relations with multiple partners (increasing the likelihood of human papillomavirus infection), and cigarette smoking.
Penile cancer is extremely rare in the United States and accounts for less than one half a percent of cancers diagnosed among men and less than one tenth of a percent of cancer deaths among men.
Enlarged prostate gland.
The prostate gland is located just below the neck of the bladder, close to the rectum. It produces about 30 percent of the fluid portion of semen. When the prostate becomes enlarged, it’s called benign prostatic hyperplasia.
The normally small and pliable gland becomes enlarged and rigid. When it becomes enlarged, it can partially or entirely block the urethra, making urination difficult or impossible.
The prostate enlarges normally as part of the aging process, starting in the late 40s. Four out of every five men between the ages of 50 and 60 have enlargement of the prostate.
Symptoms of enlarged prostate gland:
- frequent need to urinate
- a decrease in the strength and force of the urine stream.
- inability to sleep through the night without getting up to urinate
- a distended bladder which causes abdominal swelling
- complete inability to urinate
(Note: if you experience these symptoms see your doctor immediately.)